Skin neoplasms

neoplasmsSkin neoplasms are benign or malignant tumorous skin growths that occur as a result of pathological proliferation of tissue cells.

Benign skin neoplasms can appear after trauma, exposure to X-rays, sun rays, and corrosive agents, or when a patient suffers from a long-term skin condition. A final contributing factor is genetics.
Medical cosmetology can address the following: benign neoplasms, including warts, moles, papillomas, fatty growths, angiomata, benign nevi, etc.

Neoplasms can be removed for aesthetic or medical reasons. For example, if the growth is located on an area of the skin with a high risk of trauma, after consulting with a doctor, you will probably want to remove it. Otherwise, it is likely to degenerate into a malignant tumor.

Benign skin growths

A nevus (pigment spot, mole) in most cases is an innate skin defect and not connected to trauma, infection, or any other conditionAlmost everyone has moles on their skin. They can appear at any age, and they increase in number with age.

Warts and papillomas are papillary growths that protrude above the top of the surrounding tissue. They result from a viral condition, which occurs as a result of contact with an infected person or animal. Several kinds of papillomas appear when the skin and mucous membranes are inflamed. Sometimes, they develop as groups—this is known as papillomatosis.

Condyloma is a condition that produces papillary projections on the skin and mucous membranes. It is a sexually transmitted infection. These projections usually appear in areas that experience a lot of friction and irritation. Most often, condylomata develop in the groin, underarms, and corners of the mouth.

Lentigo (freckles) are benign formations that take the appearance of smooth, brown, oval-shaped stains with a diameter up to 1.5 cm. They usually appear during puberty and can be located anywhere on the body. Another type of lentigo occurs in older patients and appears on exposed parts of the body.

A dermatofibroma is a benign growth that appears as a smooth, compact, bulging individual formation. They are red-brown in color and no more than 1 cm in diameter. Dermatofibromas are made of connective tissue and fibroblast fibers, and they can form anywhere on the face or body.

Telangiectasias, or spider veins, are star- or web- shaped vascular formations of enlarged capillaries; they appear on the skin and are visible to the naked eye. This very widespread problem appears most often in women and can be concentrated in the face (couperosis), particularly on the alae of the nose, or on the thighs. In the majority of cases (up to 80%), women experience spider veins after giving birth.

Other benign growths include: atheroma, keratoma, xanthelasma, spider angioma, hemangioma, lymphangioma.

Our center collaborates with the anatomic-pathological division of the Mariinsky Hospital. The majority of the growths we remove are sent for a histological examination—that is, an inspection of cross-sections of the tissue. This is done with the goal of diagnosing malignant tumors, and evaluating the need for further treatment.

  • Cryolysis
  • Electrocoagulation

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